## IB Physics Glossary

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Special | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL

### F

#### Far point

is the most distant point from the eye for which the eye can focus on (assumed to be $\infty$).
 Keyword(s): A1

states, the induced emf is proportional to the rate of change of magnetic flux linkage:

$\epsilon \propto \frac{\Delta \Phi}{\Delta t}$.
 Keyword(s): 12.1

#### First law of thermodynamics

states, $Q = \Delta U + W$.
Where
Q is the heat supplied to system, $\Delta U$ is the change in the internal energy, W is the work done by gas, all in Joules. It is the law of conservation of energy.

Note
a. Q > 0, heat in; Q < 0, heat out

b. $\Delta U > 0, \Delta T > 0$; $\Delta U < 0, \Delta T < 0$

c. W > 0
, work done by gas; W < 0, work done on gas.
 Keyword(s): 10.1

#### Force field

is a region of space where masses/charges feel a force.

#### Forced oscillations

occur when an object is forced to oscillate by a periodic external force. (d)
 Keyword(s): 4.3

#### Fuel enrichment

Enrichment is the process by which the isotopic composition of a nuclear fuel is increased to make nuclear fissions more likely. Typically, uranium fuel rods are enriched, via neutron bombardment, to ensure that the percentage content of uranium-235 is increased.
 Keyword(s): 8.3

#### Fundamental units

are the most basic units which cannot be expressed in terms of other units. The seven fundamental units are
1. meter (m);
2. second (s);
3. kilogram (kg);
4. Kelvin (K);
5. The Ampere (A);
6. mole (mol);
7. candela (cd).
 Keyword(s): 1.2